Influence of lavender oil inhalation on vital signs and anxiety: A randomized clinical trial
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia Mill) inhalation on anxiety, mood, and vital signs (blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, and saturation) of patients undergoing oral surgery. Vital signs were considered as primary outcome measures. Paired anxiety tests were used as secondary outcome measures.
Methods: Patients who had dental anxiety according to the Dental Anxiety Questionnaire (DAQ) were enrolled in the study. One hundred twenty-six patients who were undergoing wisdom tooth removal under local anaesthesia were randomly assigned to the lavender oil and control groups. Paired anxiety tests (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Scale were performed. Vital signs were noted pre-, intra-, and post-operatively. Visual analogue scale (VAS) results were assessed. The patients’ degree of satisfaction was noted.
Results: Pre-operative anxiety levels were similar in both groups. Significant changes in blood pressure were observed in the lavender oil group post-operatively (p < .05). Most (79.4%) of the patients in the lavender oil group enjoyed the scent, 89.68% were satisfied with their experience, and 97.62% of the patients stated that they would prefer the same protocol when needed.
Conclusion: Inhalation of lavender oil, which is one of the most powerful anxiolytic essential oils, reduces peri-operative anxiety and can be prospectively considered in future studies for its potential sedative characteristics in patients undergoing surgical procedures under local anaesthesia.
Trial registration number: NCT03722771 (Influence of Lavender Oil on Vital Signs in Oral Surgery Patients) https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03722771.
Keywords: Anxiety; Clinical trial; Inhalation; Lavender; Oral surgery; Wisdom tooth.
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